Deja Vu All Over Again?
I’ve been spending a lot of time this spring with Alexis de Tocqueville’s Democracy in America.
Tocqueville wrote this classic at a time when democracy was still a novel experiment in the world. Its future was uncertain. Its impact was unclear. And although he was writing about democracy in a very specific historical context (he arrived in the United States at the midpoint of Andrew Jackson’s first term as president), his investigation was driven by questions as relevant today as they were in the 1830s.
I thought I’d share just a few quotes that are going into my commonplace book. Democracy in America is so rich that I could share quotes from it for months and still not get to all the good ones, but here are a few of my favorites. They come from the 2004 edition translated by Arthur Goldhammer of the University of Virginia.
I give them below without further comment, except to share my opinion that Tocqueville’s insights strike me as timeless. I’d welcome hearing your thoughts.
* “Generally speaking, only simple conceptions can grip the mind of a nation. An idea that is clear and precise even though false will always have greater power in the world than an idea that is true but complex.”
* “Man firmly believes a thing because he accepts it without looking deeply into it. He begins to doubt when objections are raised. In many cases he succeeds in laying all his doubts to rest and begins to believe again. Then he no longer clings to a truth plucked at random from the darkness but stares truth in the face and marches directly toward its light. . . . We can be sure that the majority of men will remain in one of these two states: they will either believe without knowing why, or not know precisely what they ought to believe.”
* “But nothing is harder than the apprenticeship of liberty. This is not true of despotism. Despotism often presents itself as the remedy for all ills suffered in the past. It is the upholder of justice, the champion of the oppressed, and the founder of order. Nations are lulled to sleep by the temporary prosperity to which it gives rise, and when they are awake, they are miserable.”
* “Americans do not converse; they argue.”
* “In America centralization is not popular, and there is no cleverer way to court the majority than to rail against the alleged encroachments of the central government.”
* “Now, what has to be said in order to please the voters is not always what would best serve the political opinion they profess.”
* “It is astonishing to see how few, how weak, and how unworthy are the hands into which a great people can fall.”
And My All-Time Favorite . . .
* “When the past is no longer capable of shedding light on the future, the mind can only proceed in darkness.”